A review of Father Francis Bethel OSB’s “John Senior and the Restoration of Realism”
by Dr. Jared Staudt
“John Senior and the Restoration of Realism tells of an
extraordinary teacher and mentor who enabled his students to do something
absolutely ordinary…. Without preaching, his teaching led to hundreds of
conversions to Catholicism and many vocations.” –Dr. Jared Staudt
Pope Francis recently pointed to a troubling characteristic of our time. Speaking to the Polish Bishops at World Youth Day, he related that “in a conversation with Pope Benedict... he said to me: ‘Holiness, this is the age of sin against God the Creator.’”
There are of course direct ways to sin against God the Creator: destroying human life, denying the truth of our body or sexuality, or harming the environment. There are also indirect ways such as withdrawing from the reality of nature by entering into a virtual or abstract world of our own making.
Father Francis Bethel, OSB has provided us with the portrait of a prophet of realism—understood as our ability to encounter and know the truth of reality.
John Senior and the Restoration of Realism tells of an extraordinary teacher and mentor who enabled his students to do something absolutely ordinary. In an age of rebellion, rock and roll, and drugs, Prof. Senior’s students read the great classics of Western literature, memorized poetry, learned to speak Latin, gazed at the stars, sang folk songs, explored Europe, and learned to waltz. Without preaching, his teaching led to hundreds of conversions to Catholicism and many vocations.
John Senior and the Restoration of Realism is an intellectual biography, exploring both a remarkable life, aimed at discovering the truth, and the philosophy that stood behind it. Growing up on Long Island, Senior experienced the best and worst of his age, dabbling in Communism as a youth, exploring the role of the occult in French symbolist literature as a grad student, and looking for answers in Hinduism as a young professor. On the other side, he spent his teenage summers as a cowboy in the Dakotas (including work on a ranch in Grand Forks), experienced the fruits of the country’s first Great Books Program at Columbia University and embraced Catholicism as the destination of his intellectual and spiritual wanderings.
Senior is best known, however, for the program he cofounded at the University of Kansas, the Integrated Humanities Program (IHP). Running throughout the 1970s, IHP sought not so much to teach the classics of Western civilization (which it did), but more so to provide a direct experience of the foundations of the culture, which produced the texts.
When students encountered the reality of truth through the texts, conversations of their teachers (which substituted for lectures), and the cultural elements mentioned above, their minds and hearts were opened. The success of the program was its undoing. After conversions to the Catholic faith and a number of religious vocations to a French, Benedictine monastery, concerned administrators responded to the complaints of parents and even the ACLU to strip the program of funding and support.
John Senior has much to teach us in this age of rebellion against God the Creator. Father Bethel summarizes Senior’s philosophy as Made for the Starts but Rooted in the Soil. Senior realized by his own experience that the human plant, in order to tend to the stars, must be nourished in the soil of this world.
His turn-about and then his work with students deeply impressed on him that we must ground all intellectual and affective life on the experiential and imaginative level. This concrete way of nourishing Realism underlay everything he taught and the way he taught it.
In addition to learning about Senior’s life and educational philosophy, the book offers helpful guidance in reinvigorating home life. “The Restoration of Elemental Things,” chapter 11, in particular, lays out a vision for restoring culture through family life (which for Senior includes drastically limiting the reach of technology).
In following Senior’s wisdom in cultivating a direct experience of reality, parents and educators will find much needed wisdom in reawakening themselves and their children/students to the wonder of creation.
Editor’s note: In the past Tattered Pages reviewed only books. It is now open to review movies and music as well that help us fill our minds with good things and shape our Catholic faith.